The temperature can rise to a high of 35 °C (95 °F). The sanctuary has been under consideration of the Government of India in consultation with the Government of Tamil Nadu since 1999. Eucalyptus plantation overshadowing Blackburn Shola, clearly illustrating the very different structure and canopy and height. The hills form a lofty plateau averaging about 2000 meters. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary in Kerala borders the southwestern corner of the park. With a height of 297m, it is the highest waterfall in Tamil Nadu, sixth highest waterfall in India and the 267th highest in the world. It remains to be seen whether the Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park will stimulate or stifle commercial development and tourism. The upper Palani Hills have a landscape dominated by exotic tree plantations, but there are important remnants of the shola/grassland mosaic vegetation type still in evidence. In 2007, proposals for declaration of Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary were under consideration of the Government. Location – Palani Hills, Tamil Nadu. Mammals: Wild are common in areas away from human habitation and cultivation. A tigress and her cub were spotted playing in the wild. These forests are already among the protected areas of Tamil Nadu. Their social, economic and physical survival has become a difficult challenge for them and several public and private agencies. The villages and hamlets that now form part of the Palani Hills buffer zone are Poondi, Mannavanur, Kilavarai, Polur, Kavunchi, Kumbur, Kilanavayal, Kukkal, Pazhamputhur and Puthurpuram. This town is nestled at the height of 7200 feet above the sea level. Moist areas exist along the ravines and in the sheltered pockets of high elevation shola forests around 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). To the far north west the ridge drops down to a saddle at 1,400meters and then rise to a small range of hills with heights up to 1903 meters. Improvement of roads in the forest areas of Tamil Nadu. The Palani hills are most prominent towards the west, ranging from 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) to 2,553 metres (8,376 ft) (5,906 ft - 8,376 ft). The slopes are covered in a variety of scrub, deciduous and evergreen forests. The PHCC made a clear connection between natural forests and water security and coined the phrase: ", The Vattakanal Conservation Trust promotes the conservation of Palni Hills' native plants and habitats by raising plant nurseries, establishing conservation gardens, working with the Forest Department to restore habitats and acquiring properties to ensure survival of specific species and ecosystems, The Save Kurinji Campaign Council organises campaigns and programmes for conservation of the. The Page is only about Palani Hills Nature and Wildlife This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02. (1980) Palani Hills Vegetation Map, Institut de la Carte Internationale du Tapis Végétal, Toulouse, France, retrieved 3/29/2007, Project Tiger, Kalakad - Mundanthurai Reserve, News about Kuringi, Endemic birds, Vattakanal Conservation Trust, the Hindu, Frontline, Volume 23 - Issue 17 :: 26 Aug. – 8 Sep. 2006. Height – 2,553 meters. In 1906, the great undulating plateau on top of the Palanis comprising four forest ranges were consolidated under the Indian Forest Act of 1878 and designated by the British Government as a single reserve forest, from Kodaikanal town to the Kerala state border in the west and the Bodinayakkanur town limits to the south, and given the name of the Ampthill Downs. The hills stand majestically with Green Spread Mountains and forest all around. The increasingly important economic role of Eco-tourism, including: trekking, hiking, camping, mountaineering, rock climbing and bird watching may help the local populace to welcome this new Protected area. Matthew (1999), Tiruchirapalli, 3 vols., xcvi, 1880 p., figs., maps, $193 (set). Relax against the pine hills of Kodaikanal that offers a breathtaking location to relax and also indulge in photography. These Palani Mountains (also the Palani Hills) are hill variety at Tamil Nadu Southern Indian. Important hills are Nilgiris, Anaimalai and palani hills etc. , The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The western extremity of the park is contiguous with the Manjampatti Valley core area of the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park and with The Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala. It was over 53 square miles (140 km2) in extent and about one quarter of it then consisted of sholas and three quarters was open, rolling, grassy downs. . The park area includes only reserve forest land, including Palni Hills Northern Slope East, Kallar, Palni Hills Southern Slope East, Upper Palni Shola, Allinagaram, and Palni Hills Northern Slope West Reserve Forests in the Dindigul The hills may be divided into four distinct vertical zones comprising distinct Ecoregions with a wide diversity of Endemic species. Idumban bore the hill slung across his shoulders in the form of a Kavadi, one on either side using the Danda. of Tamilnadu, Tourism, Demand No.50, Policy Note 2000-2001, State Government Schemes, Works in progress under Part-II Scheme 1999-2000, retrieved 26 January 2007. Pambar Shola is its major habitat, Phyllanthus chandrabosei: a shrub endemic to Pambar Shola, Huperzia sp. : a fern ally endemic to Pambar Shola, Selaginella sp. The foothills from 400 to 800 metres (1,300 to 2,600 ft) consist mostly of, Between 800 to 1,600 metres (2,600 to 5,200 ft) is dominated by, From 1,600 to 2,000 metres (5,200 to 6,600 ft) are upper montane slopes characterised by, Peaks rising to over 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) with total area of 385 square kilometres (149 sq mi) and average elevation of 2,200 metres (7,200 ft) consist mostly of montane grasslands interspersed with sholas. There is sewage pollution, solid waste pollution and mercury contamination,Mercury pollution. Two trees found in Pambar Shola, Ceropegia thwaitesii: vine, vulnerable, endemic to Pambar shola, Pimpinella pulneyensis: scarce, Exacum anamallayannum: gentian, only one other known location in Palni hills. The grassland component is now largely replaced by forest plantations of. The Palani Hills are an eastward extension of the Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to the west coast of India. In January, night temperatures sometimes drop below freezing, and thin ice is seen on lake edges in the early morning.. , On 13 August 2012, in an apparent change away from plans for notification of parts of the Palani Hills as a separate wildlife sanctuary, the Tamil Nadu Gazette notification attached parts of Kodaikanal and Dindigul divisions of reserve forests to the buffer zone of Annamalai Tiger Reserve. , The Kodaikanal Division Forest Office offers a book called "Kodaikanal Beauty in Wilderness" (Rs 20), which has a list and map of local treks in the Kodaikanal area. News: The Group Endeavor for Environment and Nature Sustenance Pleas to the Forestry Minister for Palani Hills National Park. Vandaravu is the highest peak of Palani Hills in Tamil Nadu. Thai Poosam and Panguni Uthiram festivals are very famous festivals and large number of devotees coming here at that time. A trek to this mountain will show you pristine natural beauty of coffee plantations, dense tropical forests, cascading waterfalls and serene valleys. The climate of the upper Palnis has four clearly defined seasons: The average annual rainfall is 1,617 millimetres (63.7 in), mostly during the north-east monsoon.. The decision to finally establish the park must balance short term financial benefits of the status quo versus long term stability of the natural and human community. Both Palani hills and Kodaikanal hills are at the backdrop of the Palani temple (South side). Take a look through our photo library, read reviews from real guests and book now with our Price Guarantee. This hill is called Shivagiri. Thalliar Falls (Rattail Falls) 975 feet (297 m) high, seen from Dum Dum viewpoint 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) away, Unnamed Falls on Dolphin Nose Trail,(see woman bathing at top), The Palani Hills have a montane tropical monsoon climate which varies from west to east.
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